The world has transformed vigorously over the past few decades in naval technology.This has influenced and structured the operations and mechanics of the marine vessels at seas.The rapid development and advancement in naval disciplines had led to the opening of a new engineering discipline, Naval Architecture.The field is responsible for the design,maintenance and manufacturing of all marine vessels.Naval architecture is responsible for the modern vessels,ports,floating city concepts,etc. Therefore, these are considered as the most complex engineering structures ever created.
A naval architect specializes in every aspect of maritime activities. This is the field that caters to every discipline of the industry right from the research and development, designing, built and repair of all the above mentioned machines. A naval architect is not only responsible for the development aspect, but also the economic feasibility, values and safety of the marine vessels and other units.Generally, the professional team’s activities is coordinated and guided by a naval architect throughout the project.This demands good leadership,interpersonal,managerial,informational and comprehensive skills.
A Naval Architect requires a creative, inquiring and logical mind; the ability to communicate clearly in speech and writing with others inside and outside the engineering profession; sound judgment and qualities of leadership. The education and training given to the Naval Architect is designed to develop these skills and to lead him or her to recognize qualifications and professional status.The profession is a beautiful blend of art and science, as it involves a creative and artistic thought as well as a studious and knowledgeable mind. A working knowledge of other departments is an advantage that is welcome for anyone who wants to make a career in this field. Therefore, a naval architect is known as the “Jack of all trades.”
The field is broadly categorized into several areas of work as follows:
The designing aspect demands stability of the ship or the marine structures in all-weather conditions,and have hydrodynamic performance to give economic propulsion and safe and comfortable motion in all sea-states. The design process demands the extensive employment of computer based information and communication systems.
2. Construction and repair
The task of the ship and boat builder and offshore constructor is to convert drawings and detailed specifications into real structures in minimum cost utilizing best known techniques and capable work force. A Naval Architect specializing in construction usually holds a management post, taking responsibility for the management of the whole yard or for sections of it such as planning, production or the complex operation of fitting out. This field requires professional managers who, like the builders, master modern management techniques.
3. Consultancy Services
This field requires naval architects provide clients with engineering solutions, technical and commercial guidance, support and project management for concept design studies, new vessel constructions, refits and conversions. The variety of work provides a rewarding challenge to the Naval Architect.
Many Naval Architects are employed to give professional advice and technical support to customers of the maritime industry concerned to the marketing and sales of maritime industry.
4. Research and Development
Naval Architects in this field focus towards the holistic development of maritime industry by improving the navigation systems, marine structure’s feasibilities, naval technology and improving security and safety of vessels and passengers on board.
5. Education and Training
Careers in engineering demand a sound education. Consequently, there is a need to attract Naval Architects with above average qualifications into Universities and Colleges as professors and lecturers.